When the question arises when did India gain independence’, the answer is 15 August 1947. However, the people had to wage a long saga of war against a foreign rule, following which they got Independence on the aforesaid date. We’ll elaborate it a little.
- How India gained independence?
- Resistance by people
- How M K Gandhi influenced resistance to foreign rule?
- England became weak
- So when did India gain independence?
How India gained independence?
It is a long saga of close to two centuries of war against foreign rule. The first struggle as a mark of resistance happened in 1857. The movement is known as the Sepoy Mutiny. There were multiple circumstances and reasons that forced the foreign rulers (England) to leave India.
Resistance by people
There erupted a great amount of resistance against foreign rule from time to time. The resistance manifested in the form of struggles against the local foreign government officials who were oppressing common people.
Sometimes it led to violence committed by people on the officials. Such revolutions localized across regions in the country – Bengal, Bihar, Madras, Mysore, Punjab, Lucknow, Agra – a few places to mention were some of the important incidents where résistance against foreign rule was visible.
Such revolutionary movements happened throughout the country thanks to the efforts of great people like Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai in the 19th century and others later.
How M K Gandhi influenced resistance to foreign rule?
When M K Gandhi joined the sections of the leaders, the resistance against foreign rule gained momentum. Now it became more widespread and deeper. Gandhi made the struggle for independence more organized, popular.
His simplicity and the eloquence positively influenced all across the social strata. The gist of what he said to people is foreigners have no right to rule India. So, they must leave India.
England became weak
During the 1940s England was getting slowly weaker in the larger global political arena.
Across the world, strong public opinion was gaining ground against foreign rule in India. Further, economically and politically England was losing as well.
As the United States disapproved leftism, England lost ground and had to quit India.
So when did India gain independence?
The Second World War was a disaster for England.
England was beaten badly – economically, militarily and politically. The ruling government also felt that they can no longer continue to rule the country and control.
Therefore, it was sensible for them to leave India. Finally, England abdicated ruling India on 15 August 1947.
It was this date when India gained independence. Prior to this, India was partitioned into two countries – India and Pakistan. The process of partition was a long agony. Thousands perished and many fled India. Independence day 15 August is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm every year.
On the day, people pay their tribute to leaders who laid their lives to when working for the greater good of the country.