To many people, the answer to what is the capital of India is New Delhi or simply Delhi. Though many people say either of them is the capital of India, each of them is different.
New Delhi, the capital of India is located in the north-central part of India and on the right side of river Yamuna.
The city is in the south of Delhi also known as Old Delhi. The term Delhi is used to refer to the areas the city areas close to National Capital Territory of Delhi and New Delhi the capital of the country.
- Who founded City?
- What is the capital of India like today?
- Is New Delhi quake-prone?
- Important sites to visit
Who founded City?
Prior to Delhi was made capital of India, Calcutta (Kolkatta) was the capital. it was during days of King George 5 of England relocated the capital from Calcutta to Delhi. When the Delhi Durbar was going on, Emperor of India made the announcement that the capital is being relocated from Calcutta to Delhi.
At the same time, the foundation of the residence of the Viceroy in Coronation Park, Kingsway Camp was laid. The main part of the new capital city was planned by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker, the renowned architects of the century.
And, the new capital became a completed entity in 1931. Compared to Old Delhi, the new city had great features such as spacious roads lined with trees, wide vistas whereas the Old city was full of narrow, crowded roads and streets.
What is the capital of India like today?
New Delhi is nestled by Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh and spans over an area of 1484 square km and is the second biggest city in India.
Today, the area of the city extends beyond the National Capital Territory and covers, neighboring urban locations include Gurgaon, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, and Noida making it the second biggest urban region as per UN estimations.
There is high fluctuation in temperature and rainfall in summer and winters.
Is New Delhi quake-prone?
New Delhi’s location on the fault lines makes it earthquake prone. Most times the earthquake mild. In recent years in 2015, the number earthquakes increased – 5.4, 4.7 in 2007, 4.2 in 2011, 5.2 in 2012 and four times with magnitude 2.5, 2.8, 3.1 and 3.3 in 2013.
Important sites to visit
The historical and majestic landmarks, parks, museums, beautiful neighborhoods are enchanting and are worth visiting. If you have come to New Delhi, there are many things to visit and explore. There are historical places including India Gate, Red Fort, Jantar Mantar, Qutub Minar, Humayun’s Tomb, Rashtrapati Bhavan.
You can also visit great shopping places including Chandni Chowk, Connaught Place, Hauz Khas, Sarojini Nagar, and Lajpat Market. If you wish to visit along with your family you can consider visiting Lodi Gardens, Garden of Five Senses, Nehru Planetarium, Lotus Temple.