Very few countries can boast to have such a wide array of languages. Every language in India is modeled by centuries of regional differences, native culture, religion, and war. The diversity of the cultures and languages give the country some mystery, so how many languages are spoken in India?
You would find that a short visit to India would lead you to learn a new language.
The languages that are spoken in India belong to a number of language families.
The languages include Indo – Aryan language, about seven to eight percent of the Indian population speak this language.
The second is the Dravidian language that is spoken by nineteen point six percent.
The other two percent is spoken by the other groups of people in India. they include Sino- Tibetan, Austroasiatic, and Tai-Kadai. India has the second most languages in the world. The linguistic chart is very highly diverse. There is no one language that is spoken across the country or even within a state.
Official Languages in India
There are more that one thousand six hundred and fifty-two mother languages spoken in India, this is according to a census that was carried out in India in the year Nineteen sixty-one.
The mother languages spoken in India are spoken by more than 1 million citizens per language.
The other sixty languages are spoken by more than one hundred thousand citizens per language. The Indian government has only granted national language to twenty-two languages.
The twenty-two languages that are spoken in India include Sanskrit, Tamil, Assamese, Dogri, Bodo, Gujarati, Manipuri, Marathi, Santali, Oriya, Punjabi, Malayalam, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bengali, and Hindi.
Different dialects in India are several hundred, they bring the total number of languages spoken in India to two thousand five hundred. Classification of languages in India has become very difficult as Mother tongues and dialect are very similar it becomes very difficult to differentiate them.
The Four Language Families of India
The more than one thousand six hundred languages spoken in India have their origins traced back to Dravidian, Mon Khmer, Indo – European and Sino Tibetan language families.
Many of the languages in India pertain to either Dravidian or Indo-Aryan language families.
The Dravidian language family is a subdivision of the Indo-European language family. The language family is spoken by more than seven percent of the Indians, it is mostly spoken in Northern India.
Each of the twenty-eight states in India has a language or two and sometimes even three languages with each language family spoken. Many people who traveled in India experience severe culture shock as the languages change so often from group to group. It becomes difficult to learn the many languages to survive in India. The cultural practices also vary from community to community.
Hindi is the 2nd most spoken language in the world, this is after Mandarin Chinese. More than five hundred and seventy million people speak Hindi in India.
More than nine hundred and seventy million people speak Hindi in the world. Punjabi and Bengali rank tenth and seventh in the top languages spoken worldwide. more than two hundred and fifty million speak Bengali while one hundred and twenty million speak Punjabi.
The top three Indian languages outrank the most popular European languages like French and German.